Was Iron Age Armenia Haunted By A Plague?

Was Iron Age Armenia Haunted By A Plague?

In a 2015 publication, researchers did an analysis of teeth from the remains of 101 individuals that were collected from a variety of museums and archaeological excavations.  They found DNA of the bacterium that causes plague, called Yersinia pestis, in seven of these people. The earliest sample that had plague DNA was from Bronze Age …

Was “Mimar Sinan Agha The Grand Architect” An Armenian?

Was “Mimar Sinan Agha The Grand Architect” An Armenian?

Armenians have a rich tradition of being royal architects of the Ottoman empire. Take for example the Balyan family, a prominent Armenian family of Ottoman court architects in the service of sultans for two centuries. However, the ethnic background of the empire’s most outstanding architect “Mimar Sinan” is disputed. There are multiple claims regarding Sinan’s …

The Legend Of The Jermuk Deer

The Legend Of The Jermuk Deer

On top of a mountain in Jermuk, you can spot a majestic statue of a deer, looking over the landscape. It’s a spectacular view, especially during sunset or sundown. The story behind the statue is basically a legend, regarding the once full of deer populated region of Jermuk and the healing powers of the Jermuk …

Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts

Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts

The Armenian tradition of illuminating and illustrating hand written manuscripts dates as far back as the seventh century and continued to flourish under royal patronage in the kingdom of Cilicia in the tenth and eleventh centuries. In this video, Professor Christina Maranci explores the range of functions that these manuscripts served—from modest personal devotion to …

Yarkhushta – Armenian Ceremonial War Dance

Yarkhushta – Armenian Ceremonial War Dance

The “Yarkhushta” is traditionally known as a ceremonial war dance that originated in Western Armenia, specifically in Sassoun. It belongs to a wider category of Armenian ‘clap dances’ or also known as tsap parer – ծափ-պարեր. Armenian soldiers traditionally dance Yarkhushta before combat engagements, for ritualistic purposes and partly to cast off fear and boost …

Mamikonian Dynasty

Mamikonian Dynasty

The Mamikonians were a powerful clan group who were influential in Armenian political and military affairs from the 1st century BCE onwards. They rose to particular prominence from c. 428 CE to 652 CE in the half of Armenia ruled by the Sasanian Empire when marzpan viceroys represented the Persian king. One of the dynasty’s most famous figures is Vardan Mamikonian …

How Armenia’s Winemaking Heritage Is Being Rejuvenated

How Armenia’s Winemaking Heritage Is Being Rejuvenated

Henry Jeffreys visits a country rediscovering its viticultural riches. Every 100 metres or so on the main road to Iran that runs through the Vayots Dzor province of Armenia there is a stall selling tomatoes, watermelons and Coca-Cola. I was with an Italian-Armenian businessman Zorik Gharibian and his wife Yeraz, and they suggested we stop …

Historiography of the military history of Bagratid Armenia

Historiography of the military history of Bagratid Armenia

The strengthening of the Byzantine Empire and the weakening of the Arab Caliphate led to a change in the geopolitical situation in the Caucasus in the late ninth century, which in turn allowed the Armenian state to gain independence from Muslim rule. The newly created state was headed by representatives of the Bagratid family (The Bagratids are an aristocratic noble family whose roots go back to the …

Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia

Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia

The Arsacid (Arshakuni) dynasty of Armenia ruled that kingdom from 12 CE to 428 CE. A branch of the Arsacid dynasty of Parthia, the Armenian princes also played out a prolonged balancing act by remaining friendly to the other great power of the period and region: Rome. As so often before, Armenia continued to be a hotly disputed territory …

Military organization of Bagratid Armenia in the IX-XI centuries

Military organization of Bagratid Armenia in the IX-XI centuries

Published with permission of the author. The original article was published in the collection Days of Science of the Faculty of History: Proceedings of the VIII International Scientific Conference of Young Scientists. Editor-in-Chief: Corresponding Member NASU, prof. V. Kolesnyk (chairman), O. Magdych (ed.). Vip. VIII Part 6. (Kyiv 2015): 17-23. Reference to the article: www.academia.edu Weakening of the Arab Caliphate in the late ninth …

Mount Nemrut – Armenian Pantheon of Gods

Mount Nemrut – Armenian Pantheon of Gods

The Armenian Pantheon of Gods was erected by the king of Commagene, named Antiochus I Theos c. 86 BC – 38 BC, ruled 70 BC – 38 BC. Antiochus I Theos was the son of of King Mithridates I Callinicus and Queen Laodice VII Thea of Commagene from the Armenian Orontid Dynasty. Beyond the line …

Early Manuscript Maps Of Anania Shirakatsi

Early Manuscript Maps

The earliest Armenian geographic work is the seventh-century manuscript entitled Ashkharhatsuyts (Mirror of the World), penned most probably by the Armenian mathematician, scientist, and geographer Anania Shirakatsi (Anania of Shirak). This work was originally attributed to the fifth-century Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi, but research has shown that it most probably belongs to the pen of Shirakatsi. …

Weapons Of The Bagratid Dynasty 9th – 11th Centuries

Weapons Of The Bagratid Dynasty 9th – 11th Centuries

Modern Armenia, which is located in the South Caucasus region, is much smaller than medieval Armenia, which was ruled by the Bagratid dynasty. The Bagratid Kingdom was a decentralized state with a well-developed suzerain-vassal system, where small kingdoms, like Syunik, Vaspurakan, Tashir-Dzoraget, and Kars, had their own autonomy. They recognized the authority of the Bagratid …

Why are Armenians the only people on the planet that still use the Enochian/Atlantean/Anakim or the pre-flood civilizations language and letters today?

Why are Armenians the only people on the planet that still use the Enochian/Atlantean/Anakim or the pre-flood civilizations language and letters today?

One of the greatest lies that the “Empire” had applied to Armenian literature over the centuries is that Mesrob Mashtots created or “rediscovered” Armenian letters a few centuries after Christ. The Crusades were more than just a battle between Christianity and Islam. That was a time when world history had changed for ever. Why did …

The Dangers of Armenian-Turkish Rapprochement

The Dangers of Armenian-Turkish Rapprochement

Suddenly, a new dynamic has been set into motion in the Caucasus region. Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has announced that it is time for Armenia and Turkey to work towards a rapprochement. Simultaneously Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has opened the prospects of beginning negotiations with Armenia while Armenia’s Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan has …

An Unusual Mother and Child Sculpture in Handaberd

An Unusual Mother and Child Sculpture in Handaberd

A late 12th- or early 13th-century khachkar in the province of Karvajar is part of a larger history of nursing images in Christian imagery, but is it threatened? The war in Nagorno-Karabagh (Armenian Artsakh) recently halted with the Russian-brokered peace deal of November 9, which mandated the surrender to Azerbaijan of several provinces with millennia of Armenian …