Armenian Highlands – Territory In Which the Armenian People Originated

Armenian Highlands – Territory

The territory in which the Armenian people originated is called Hayastan (Hayk). The neighboring peoples called it differently – Armenia, Arminuya, Hayasa, Nairi, Armina, Aratta, Urartu, Somkheti, etc. The Armenian Highlands are located between the Asia Minor and Iranian plateaus. The average altitude of the Highlands is 1500-1800 meters. Higher than the surrounding plateaus, the …

José Antonio Gurriarán on the Armenians of Spain

José Antonio Gurriarán

A few years ago, Spanish writer and journalist José Antonio Gurriarán (7 July 1938 – 31 March 2019) presented the story of Armenians living in Spain. He began with King Levon VI, telling about his connection with the Armenian issue. In the struggle for recognition of the Armenian Genocide, ASALA’s (Armenian Secret Army for the …

The Destruction of Armenian Manuscripts During the Genocide

The Destruction of Armenian Manuscripts

The national-cultural genocide of Armenians also encompassed Armenian manuscripts. Over millennia, the Armenian people have created tens of thousands of manuscripts in history, art, natural sciences, as well as works of spiritual and secular nature. Armenian manuscripts have occasionally been destroyed from time to time by various conquerors. However, in the late 19th and early …

The Young Armenian Generation in Ignorance

The Young Armenian Generation in Ignorance

Armenian cinema owes our people a great debt. The young generation of Armenians is growing in ignorance about their heroes, and the rare historical films shot back in the Soviet period, as a rule, glorify not the worthiest representatives of our people. Even today, we can see films about Kamo or Atarbekov, on our television …

Joscelin II, Count of Edessa

Joscelin II of Edessa (1113 – 1159) was the last ruling count of the county of Edessa. He was the son of Armenian princess Beatrice and Count Joscelin I. During the battle of Azaz in 1125, Joscelin was taken hostage by Muslims. Soon, through the efforts of the King of Jerusalem Baldwin II, he was …

Tevan Stepanyan – Heroes of Armenia

Tevan Stepanyan – Heroes of Armenia

Tevan Stepanyan is one of those heroes of the Armenian people who during the years of Soviet power were branded as enemies or put into oblivion. But today, many, including the fellow countrymen of Tevan, the Karabakh people, are rediscovering the history of their land and are beginning to recognize their heroes. After Armenia gained …

Tigran Yervanduni – Rulers of Ancient Armenia

Tigran Yervanduni – Rulers of Ancient Armenia

Tigran Yervanduni was the son and heir of Yervand I Sakavakyats (“short-staying”, reigned in 570-560 BC). Tigran reigned in 560-535 BC. He was a hunting companion to the founder of Achaemenid Persia Cyrus the Great. Tigran was the one to kill the king of Media Azhdahak. During his reign, the territory of Armenia also spread …

Anna Kolozyan and the “One-Time Paradise”

Anna Kolozyan and the “One-Time Paradise”

If something worthwhile is created in Armenia regardless of the field, then it somehow catches the eye in some kind of television program, exhibition, or just in a booklet. Unfortunately, what is created away from Home is often not covered and as a result stays unreachable. I stumbled upon the works of Anna Kolozyan by …

Cilician Armenian Coins – King Hethum, 1226-1270

Cilician Armenian Coins

The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was a feudal kingdom that existed from 1080 to 1375. The inhabitants of Cilicia were very freedom-loving and only nominally obeyed the Persians, Seleucids, and from 63 BC the Romans. The Romans kept in submission only the plain of Cilicia. The Cilicians have always been distinguished by their courage and …

Tir – God of Written Language of Ancient Armenia

Tir – God of Written Language

In the Armenian pantheon, Tir was a god of writing, sciences, arts, a scribe of the chief deity Aramazd, and a diviner of fate. Tir brought dreams to people, revealing their future to them. In the temple of Tir (between the cities of Vagharshapat and Artashat), the priests interpreted these dreams. Besides, they taught sciences …

Weapons in The National Costume of Armenians

Weapons in The National Costume

As you know, in the Armenian language, the words “human”, “man” (both “mard”), and “warrior” (“martik”) have the same root. It is known that in ancient Armenia, there was a special system for organizing armies. Each man was considered and was a warrior and at any moment could be drafted for military service. Armenian men …

Vorotan River Gorge, Armenia

Vorotan River Gorge, Armenia

The deepest of the numerous gorges formed by Vorotan is located on the Tatev-Arzhis section at an altitude of 700-800 m. In this section, the gorge is so narrow that even the rays of the sun cannot penetrate and reach its bottom. In one of the deepest places of the gorge is the most picturesque …

Participants of the Shushi Liberation

Participants of the Shushi Liberation

Komandos – Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan: “The Armenian command did not approve of the operation, and we did not have any clear instructions, but we had to act. That is why a meeting of 72 commanders was held where we unanimously decided that the operation should be carried out. The commanders should have fulfilled my order, but …

Oshakan Monastery – Ashtarak, Armenia

Oshakan Monastery – Ashtarak, Armenia

Oshakan is a village 3 km southeast of the town of Ashtarak. According to a legend, Noah and his family descended from the top of Mount Masis (Ararat) and saw Oshakan freed from the water. At its sight, they exclaimed “Oshakan,” which roughly translates as “Marvel for the eyes.” Located within the estates of Arshakids …

Avetik Isahakyan in World Culture

Avetik Isahakyan in World Culture

“Thinking about Kuchak and Isahakyan, I realize that both of them captivated me. I loved Isahakyan dearly… Isahakyan is a first-class poet – perhaps, there is no such fresh and direct talent in all of Europe now.” Alexander Blok, Russian poet and translator “There is a tear in Isahakyan’s works… And this gives his poems …

God Vahagn – Legends of Ancient Armenia

God Vahagn – Legends of Ancient Armenia

In Armenian myths, Vahagn was the god of thunder and lightning. He was born in the agonized heaven and earth and the purple sea. Red reed which spewed smoke and fire was also involved in his birth. From the flame appeared Vahagn, a young man with fiery hair, a fiery beard, and eyes like two …

Agreement Between Armenia and the RSFSR From August 1920

Agreement Between Armenia and the RSFSR

On August 10, 1920, plenipotentiary B. V. Legrand on behalf of the RSFSR, on one hand, and representatives of the Republic of Armenia A. Jamalyan and A. Babalyan on the other on the basis of recognition of the independence and full sovereignty of the Republic of Armenia concluded this agreement as follows: 1. From 12 …