Documents Testifying to the Violent Deportation of Armenians – 1991

Below are excerpts from the minutes on the interrogation of witnesses who had survived the hell of forced deportation from Armenian villages. These excerpts are from the publication of Lidia Grafova. Martiros Hovsepyan, born in 1934, resident of Martunashen village: …On April 28 or 29 – I don’t remember when exactly – my wife came

Legendary Musasir – One of the Oldest Cities in Armenia

One of the most ancient cities of Armenia, the legendary Mutsatsir or Musasir, for many centuries has been the main religious and spiritual center of the Kingdom of Van (Urartu), as well as its throne city where the kings of Van have been crowned. Disputes about the location of Mutsatsir continue to this day. I

German Scientist Joseph Markwart Saved Armenian Relics from a Turk

In mid-1919, a person of eastern appearance paid a visit to German professor Joseph Markwart. He was middle-aged and dark-skinned. After the initial greetings, the visitor followed the professor’s suggestion and settled on the sofa. Markwart laid out his Armenian study works on the table, as usual: many familiar and unfamiliar Armenians were visiting him

Photo of Armenians of Van at a Bakery – 1915

This photograph of Armenians surrounded by Turkish soldiers gathered at Van’s public bakery in the hope of getting bread was published in the first edition of the memoirs of former US Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Henry Sr. Morgenthau. The caption for the photograph states: “Without warning, these people were evicted from their homes and

Brief Chronology of the Pogroms of Armenians 1904-1914

June 12, 1903. By the decree of the governor of the Transcaucasia Prince Grigory Golitsyn began the confiscation of the property of the Armenian Church in Russia. The decree caused a sharp rise in anti-government sentiments among Armenians and contributed to the strengthening of the influence and authority of Armenian national parties (in particular, the

Nagorno-Karabakh Officially Was a Part of Armenia in 1921

An exceptional fact. In the first half of 1921, Nagorno-Karabakh officially was a part of Soviet Armenia. This is evidenced by the official statement of the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of Soviet Armenia on the status of Nagorno-Karabakh, which is dated back to June 1921. The noteworthy document is kept in the collections of

Objective idealist David the Invincible – Armenian Philosophy

Objective idealist David Anhakht or David the Invincible (6th century) was a great representative of Neo-Platonism in Armenia. His writings combine the teachings of classical Platonism with the teachings of Pythagoras and Aristotle. In his works “Analysis of the Introduction of Porphyry” and “Definitions of Philosophy”, many questions are raised about the nature of philosophical

The Greatest Strength of Armenia Lies in Education

The 2014 interview of the President of the Carnegie Corporation of New York Vartan Gregorian allows us to evaluate what has been achieved and what has been lost since then. In my opinion, today, the education of Armenia is going through its most difficult times in the recent history since the realities of what is

Buzand Yeghiaian – Witness to the Three Periods of the Armenian Genocide

Buzand Yeghiaian (1900 – 1995) was an Armenian intellectual, teacher, historian, editor, and an outstanding public figure who had a great contribution in the field of education and culture of Armenia. Yeghiaian authored numerous historiographic, pedagogical, theological, and religious books, as well as plays, poems, and standalone articles. Being a renowned teacher, he gave lectures

The Budget of the Armenian Army in 1919

We present to your attention an interesting historical document. It introduces preliminary costs for the Armenian National Army. The document was prepared in 1919 by the Government of the First Republic of Armenia and approved on January 10 at the 59th assembly of the Armenian Parliament. “Issues of the agenda. The first paragraph of the

Hovhannes Hakhverdyan – First Minister of Defense of Armenia

Last year was celebrated the centenary of the First Republic of Armenia. Along with this, it would be correct to note the fact that the Armenian army was created and fully held a century ago as well. And the first minister of defense of Armenia was Lieutenant General Hovhannes Hakhverdyan. He served as minister from

First Armenian General in the US Army – Haig Shekerjian

Haig Shekerjian was born on June 13, 1886, in the city of İzmit in the Ottoman Empire. He was only 5 years old when he together with this parents Hagop and Esther moved to the city of Fresno (California, USA). Haig’s father was a simple worker, while mother was a housewife. “Once I asked my

The Turks Wanted to Make Lavash Their Cultural Heritage

It turns out that back in 2014, Turkey together with Azerbaijan was preparing to include lavash – Armenian white bread – into the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage list as a Turkic product. However, lavash would be included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity as an expression of the culture