The Speech of David Bek – Sero Khanzadyan

The Speech of David Bek

“I summoned you to say my last word. The freedom conquered with blood will not live long if the spirit of struggle weakens and our unity shatters. Unity is the source of all our blessings, but discord is the source of evil and strife which kill a good deed. Always remember: our ancestors lost their …

Politician and Literary Critic Nikol Aghbalian

Politician and Literary Critic

Nikol Aghbalian (1875, Tiflis – 1947, Beirut) was an Armenian social and political activist, literary critic, and a member of the Dashnaktsutyun party. He graduated from the Tiflis Nersisian School and the Etchmiadzin Gevorgian Seminary. He also studied at the Moscow, Lausanne, and Sorbonne (Paris) universities. After completing his studies, Aghbalian worked as a teacher …

Two Questions – Garegin Nzhdeh

Two Questions – Garegin Nzhdeh

Young Armenians are knocking on our door because only in our ranks can they get an answer to two questions that do not give them a peace of mind: “Will the Turk remain unpunished?” and “Will he be forgiven our Calvary?”. No, no, we did not forget the cynical phrase of Talaat – “The destination …

From the History of Printed Media of Armenia

From the History of Printed Media of Armenia

The Armenian printed media has played a huge role in the development of socio-political thought and scientific and cultural life, as well as in the dissemination of European values in Armenian reality. Armenian print media was founded in October 1794 in the Indian city of Madras. The first Armenian newspaper was “Azdarar” (“Herald”), which was …

Commander Narses – Conqueror of Rome

Commander Narses – Conqueror of Rome

Commander Narses (478-573) was a Romanized Armenian general and an influential court official of the Byzantine Empire under Emperor Justinian I. Along with Belisarius, he was one of the great generals in service of the Byzantine Emperor. Narses was born presumably in 478 in the territory of Armenia, which was then part of Sassanian Persia. …

The Losses of Armenians in 1890-1938 – The Deadly “Bacilli” Are Still Alive

The Losses of Armenians in 1890-1938

Armenians, Greeks, Yezidis, and Assyrians remained under the ruins of the Ottoman Empire. Our people suffered the greatest losses and lost their native land. From 1890 to 1923, the casualties of the Armenian people reached three million three hundred thousand. In the mentioned period, we had three Catholicosates (Etchmiadzin, Cilicia, Akhtamar), three patriarchies (Constantinople, Jerusalem, …

Rafael Patkanyan – Who Is an Armenian?

Rafael Patkanyan – Who Is an Armenian?

Who is an Armenian? Surely, the one who speaks Armenian? Or the one whose last name rhymes with “yan”? Anyone who is ready to eat pilaf and dolma for dinner day after day? Or the one for whom the Armenian hat and costume is an honor? Who is an Armenian? Surely the one who visits …

The Mysterious Armenian Musical Notation – Khazes

The Mysterious Armenian Musical Notation

Among the many mysteries with which Armenia is rich, a special place is occupied by the khazes, the musical notation used to transcribe religious Armenian music. The khaz notation was developed in the 7th-9th centuries, presumably by poet and scholar Stepanos Syunetsi. At the beginning of the 20th century, European and Armenian scientists began to …

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

After the establishment of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century by Genghis Khan, the nomadic Tatar-Mongolian tribes inhabiting Central Asia undertook invasive campaigns against neighboring and distant countries. After several reconnaissance attacks, the 30,000-strong army of Mongols under the command of Chormagan was split into separate groups in the Mugan Plain. These groups attacked …

The Armenian Library and Museum of America

The Armenian Library and Museum of America

The history of the Armenian Library and Museum of America (ALMA) started in 1971 when a group of Armenians began collecting Armenian books and items in an Armenian parish church in Belmont, Massachusetts. In 1985, the decently increased collection was opened to the public for the first time. ALMA moved to its current location in …

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Armenian town of Meghri is known for its old-fashioned hotels, vodka, as well as its wonderful fruits and vegetables, especially Meghri figs and yellow pomegranates. Atop the rocky Mount Meghri in the vicinity of the town are the ruins of the 10th-century fortress of Meghri. The fortress of Meghri was first mentioned in 1083. …