The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery – Arpa Canyon, Armenia

The Gndevank Monastery is located near the village of Gndevaz in the canyon of the Arpa River, the walls of which were formed of basalt hexagons. Along with the canyon of the Azat river, over which the fortress of Garni stands, the canyon of Arpa is the most beautiful “symphony in stone” in the territory …

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

Edessa and the Origins of Armenian Letters

The city of Edessa (Urfa) has a sacral significance. Firstly, in its museum, there is a seal with the image of King Scorpio with hieroglyphic inscriptions. It depicts drawings reminiscent of the Narmer’s pallet images and the pommel of King Scorpio’s maces. When reading the Urfan hieroglyphic inscriptions, one should use the archaic grabar (“gir” …

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Ptolemy on the Location of the Armenia

Greater Armenia was bordered from the north by Colchis, Iberia, and Albania along the line passing through the river Kir. From the west, it was bordered by Cappadocia along the above-mentioned part of the Euphrates and the line of the Cappadocian Pontus to Colchis via the Moshian mountains. From the east, it was bordered by …

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd – Armenia

Baghaberd – Kapani Berd - Armenia

Baghaberd (Բաղաբերդ, otherwise known as Kapani berd) is a fortress located in the Syunik province, Armenia, between the cities of Kapan (Կապան) and Kajaran (Քաջարան), near the confluence of the rivers Geghi (Գեղի) and Voghji (Ողջի). The fortress is located at an altitude of 200 meters above the rivers. The controversial issue in the history …

How Armenians Freed Jerusalem, WWI

In London on October 27, 1916, halfway through World War I, a tripartite agreement was signed to establish the Armenian and Arab legions (Eastern Legion) as a part of the French army. The legions would participate in the military campaign on the Syrian-Palestinian front against Turkey. Since November 17, 1917, the legionaries began to advance …

Armenia, the Source of Mesopotamian Knowledge – Mitchell S. Rothman

Armenia, the Source of Mesopotamian Knowledge

“All the knowledge in Mesopotamia came from Armenia. Armenia is the absent fragment in the entire mosaic of the ancient world’s civilizations’ construction. Shengavint has supplemented the lacking chains, which we had been facing while studying the ancient culture of Mesopotamia.” Mitchell S. Rothman, a professor of anthropology and archeology, founder of Department of Anthropology …

The Song of Roland

The Song of Roland

The 9th-11th-century epic the Song of Roland, which is quite known in Europe, was based on the historical events of an earlier epoch, more precisely, the period during the reign of the King of the Franks Charlemagne. The epic tells about the assault of the Saracens on the French regiment, which has been returning from …

Indo-European Tribes, the Descendants of Heracles?

Indo-European Tribes, the Descendants of Heracles?

Here is one interesting fact which occurs in ancient written sources and refers to the tribes involved in migration. In ancient written sources, some tribes-participants of migration (Etruscans, Celts, Germans, Slavs) are considered the descendants of Heracles. Those tribes lived around the time of the Trojan War (about the middle of the 13th century BC). …

The Byzantine Empire, a State of Armenians and Greeks

The Byzantine Empire, a State of Armenians and Greeks

A Canadian scientist Cherenis thinks that the Byzantine Empire of the Macedonian dynasty can be defined as a “Greek-Armenian” power. “It was “Greek” because its civilization remained Greek and “Armenian” since the element that controlled its fate and provided most of its defensive forces was largely of Armenian origin. Moreover, it was a role of …

Armenia, a Country Without Slavery

Armenia, a Country Without Slavery

While describing slave-owning in the world history, some historians mistakenly attribute the existence of a slave system to Armenia. But even these historians speak about slavery in Armenia reservedly. Some point to the short duration of the slave period as a result of the rapid transition from generic government to feudalism while others indicate the …