Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

Claudius Ptolemy’s World Map

World map of Claudius Ptolemy (90-168), an astronomer, geographer, mathematician, and astrologer. Claudius Ptolemy was the author of the classical antique monograph Almagest, which was the result of the development of ancient celestial mechanics and contained an almost complete collection of astronomical knowledge of Greece and the Middle East of that time. He left a …

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

The Origins of the Jerusalem Cross

Arguably, the Jerusalem cross is the most recognizable symbol of Christianity. But nowhere in the world is this sign as significant or culture-rooted as it is in Armenia. Throughout Armenia, thousands of khachkars (cross-stones) decorate the mountainous terrain of the first Christian nation. They are a unique example of the Armenian art of spiritual expression. …

8000-Year Old Settlement Excavated at Aknashen

8000-Year Old Settlement Excavated at Akhashen

Armenian archaeologists unearthed an ancient, 8000-year old settlement near the Aknashen city in the Ararat Valley. It dates back at the beginning of the human civilization. “Prior to this period, everything known mostly relates to cave shelters and temporary dwellings. But here, we deal with a sedentary settlement, which is remarkable for its first attempts …

Scottish Scientist Stephen Sim Describing His Trip to Nakhichevan

Scottish Scientist Stephen Sim Describing His Trip to Nakhichevan

Scottish scientist Stephen Sim described the unpleasant experience of his visit to Nakhichevan, the historical Armenian territory now occupied by Azerbaijan. Since Sim’s accusatory report of 2006 was not adequately covered in the international media, in this article, Harut Sasunyan presented some important points from the Scottish scientist’s report. Sim said that he arrived in …

Origins of Artsakh Trace Back at the 7th Century BC

Origins of Artsakh Trace Back at the 7th Century BC

During excavations in Karmir Blur, archaeologists discovered 4 bronze wands. Those indicate that in the Iron Age, Armenians had 4 viceroys, one of which supervised Artsakh. The excavations showed that in the times of the Kingdom of Van, Armenia has been divided into provinces, each controlled by a “vice king”. The wands, those highest symbols …

Astonishing French Documentary About Armenia

Astonishing French Documentary About Armenia

French TV channel “France 5” presented a documentary about Armenia, which examined the history of the country as well as highlighted the famous Armenians and its environmental beauty. The director of the documentary is Xavier Lefèvre, the author of the idea is Guillaume Bernard. The French documentary is one of those rare films in which …

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

Indo-European Languages Originated in the Armenian Highlands

A couple-of-years-old study published in the “Science” magazine reveals the origins of the Indo-European language group, which apparently is the ancient Armenian Highlands. The so-called Anatolian theory of the ancestral home of the Indo-European language group was first proposed by Professor Colin Renfrew (now Baron Renfrew) in the late 1980s. It was gradually recognized but …

Exceptionally Rare Armenian Coin

Exceptionally Rare Armenian Coin

This is a very rare Armenian coin because it is the earliest example of a coin with an inscription in Armenian. It was minted during the reign of King Kiurike I (979-989), the ruler of the Armenian kingdom of Tashir-Dzoraget. On the front, we see a bust of Jesus with a cross and an inscription, …

Old Nautical Maps of the Black Sea Region with Armenia

Old Nautical Maps of the Black Sea Region with Armenia

Although the maps presented below were drawn in the 16th century, they all feature Armenia, which hasn’t yet existed as an autonomous state. Before the 16th century, the last independent Armenian country was the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, which fell in 1375. Taking this into account, the fact that the cartographers depicted Armenia as “Armenia” …

Legendary Ararat (Video)

Legendary Ararat (Video)

Below, you can watch a video shot in honor of the legendary Armenian mountain Ararat. In many religions of the ancient world, Mount Ararat was considered the place where people moored after the Great Flood. From this place began the rebirth of mankind. Ararat was a sacred mountain in ancient Armenia even in the pre-Christian …

2nd-Century Symbolic Medallion discovered in Sisian

2nd-Century Symbolic Medallion discovered in Sisian

A silver medallion of the 2nd century BC discovered during excavations in Sisian of Syunik province in Armenia features an image of the “Golden Eagle” squeezing a wild cat, most likely a leopard. The symbol of the Golden Eagle was important in prehistoric motifs in the Armenian Highlands and was also a symbol of many …

Portakars – Gates to Another World – Legends of Armenia

Portakars – Gates to Another World – Legends of Armenia

“Umbilical stones” or portakars (պորտաքար) are ritual stones in Armenia, associated with the cult of the goddess of fertility and motherhood (most likely, Anahit). Probably, the well-known myth about the birth of Mithra (in the Armenian mythology – Mher) from stone also influenced the formation of traditions about the portakars. In this regard, the portakars …