An Unveiling of the Vatican’s Hidden Armenian Jewel
The Vatican’s Armenian Gem
Tucked away in Rome, within walking distance of the globally celebrated St. Peter’s Square, a slice of Armenian heritage shines—an immaculate white marble khachkar, crafted in the year 1246. As a proud artifact in the permanent collection of Pope Urban VIII’s gallery, it sits gracefully beside the legendary Sistine Chapel.
The Essence of Khachkars
Khachkars, or cross-stones, epitomize a distinctive chapter of Armenian artistry. These masterfully chiseled steles often depict elaborate patterns surrounding a central cross, a vivid representation of Armenia’s deep-rooted Christian devotion. Traditionally, khachkars mark important milestones, from the inauguration of new churches to commemorations of departed loved ones.
Crafting an Era
This particular khachkar hails from a pivotal period in Armenian history—the 13th century—when the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was a force to be reckoned with in both politics and trade.
A Mysterious Arrival
Unearthed near St. Peter’s Square in the 17th century, the Khachkar’s journey to Rome is cloaked in mystery, captivating scholars and tourists alike. Historians speculate that it might have arrived in Rome as an esteemed gift, intended to symbolize the profound Christian bonds linking Armenia and the Vatican.
An Enduring Bond
The Vatican’s choice to feature this khachkar in Pope Urban VIII’s gallery speaks volumes. It’s not merely a nod to art; it’s a powerful acknowledgment of the enduring, historical kinship between the Armenian Apostolic Church and the Roman Catholic Church—a salute to Armenia’s rich artistic legacy.
More Than Stone: A Symbol of Tenacity and Faith
The Rome-residing khachkar goes beyond mere art; it stands as a living testament to the unyielding faith and resilience of the Armenian people. A people who, despite facing relentless adversities—including invasions, forced relocations, and genocides—have held steadfast to their faith and cultural identity, symbolized poignantly by enduring monuments like khachkars.
Witness to a Deep-Rooted Legacy
Visitors to Pope Urban VIII’s gallery, while marveling at the ancient, intricately designed white marble cross-stone, are, in essence, transported through time. They connect, albeit briefly, with the profound and storied past of the Armenian people and their monumental contributions to the world of Christian art and heritage.
In Conclusion: A Living Tribute in Stone
This singular khachkar in Rome is not just a silent observer of history; it is a vibrant symbol of an enduring Armenian spirit. Quietly nestled in one of Christianity’s most revered sites, it ensures that the heart and soul of Armenia continue to be felt and celebrated across the world.
Photo source: Michael Osipov