The Mysterious Armenian Musical Notation – Khazes

The Mysterious Armenian Musical Notation

Among the many mysteries with which Armenia is rich, a special place is occupied by the khazes, the musical notation used to transcribe religious Armenian music. The khaz notation was developed in the 7th-9th centuries, presumably by poet and scholar Stepanos Syunetsi. At the beginning of the 20th century, European and Armenian scientists began to …

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

The Mongol Invasion of Armenia

After the establishment of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century by Genghis Khan, the nomadic Tatar-Mongolian tribes inhabiting Central Asia undertook invasive campaigns against neighboring and distant countries. After several reconnaissance attacks, the 30,000-strong army of Mongols under the command of Chormagan was split into separate groups in the Mugan Plain. These groups attacked …

The Armenian Library and Museum of America

The Armenian Library and Museum of America

The history of the Armenian Library and Museum of America (ALMA) started in 1971 when a group of Armenians began collecting Armenian books and items in an Armenian parish church in Belmont, Massachusetts. In 1985, the decently increased collection was opened to the public for the first time. ALMA moved to its current location in …

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Fortress of Meghri – Syunik, Armenia

The Armenian town of Meghri is known for its old-fashioned hotels, vodka, as well as its wonderful fruits and vegetables, especially Meghri figs and yellow pomegranates. Atop the rocky Mount Meghri in the vicinity of the town are the ruins of the 10th-century fortress of Meghri. The fortress of Meghri was first mentioned in 1083. …

Armenians in Venice – Philip Marsden

Armenians in Venice – Philip Marsden

It was cold in Venice. Small islands of ice in some places floated in the canals; they were slowly blown down into the lagoon by the current, like paper litter swollen in water. Nobody lingered on the streets – the squares were empty. The reason for this was not only the cold. From the balcony …

Monte Melkonyan and Kristapor Ivanyan

Monte Melkonyan and Kristapor Ivanyan

In 2017 was published the book of Senor Hasratyan “Heroes”, representing the life and activity of Heroes of Artsakh, holders of the Golden Eagle order Monte Charles Melkonyan (Avo) and Kristapor Ivan Ivanyan. Artsakhpress reports that the book aims to immortalize the Artsakh national liberation struggle that unfolded at the end of the 20th century, …

Tigran the Great’s Foreign Policy

Tigran the Great’s Foreign Policy

King Mithridates VI of Pontus, who conflicted with Rome and sought to oust it from Asia Minor, sent ambassadors to Tigran II with a proposal to conclude an alliance. The union with the powerful Kingdom of Pontus, which was enforced by the marriage between Tigran II and Mithridates VI Eupator’s daughter Cleopatra, was beneficial to …

To the Centenary of the Armenian University

To the Centenary of the Armenian University

On May 16, 1919, the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Armenia decided to establish a university in Yerevan. The last university in Armenia, the Tatev University, had been shut down back in the 15th century as a result of violent actions by foreign invaders. After a long break lasting five centuries, the leaders …

Hovhannes Tumanyan’s Will

Hovhannes Tumanyan's Will

In her “Memories and Conversations”, daughter of Hovhannes Tumanyan Nvard Tumanyan shared the will of her father. “In March 1922, before undergoing surgery at a Tiflis clinic, Tumanyan asked his entire family to gather near his bed. When asked whether his relatives wanted to hear his last will in case of an unsuccessful surgery, Mushegh, …

Russian Myth of WWII – Mnatsakan Khachatryan

Russian Myth of WWII

Do not be surprised, but there are still enough people in the Armenian society who are blindly in love with or are deceived or biased fans of the Russian-Bolshevik propaganda that has been deeply implanted in the consciousness of a certain group of people. The zombie program is planted so deeply that even the most …

Russian Media’s Ugly Hypocrisy Towards Armenia

Russian Media’s Ugly Hypocrisy

Armenians are so used to the ugly hypocrisy in the Russian media in relation to Armenia that they don’t really react to it at an everyday level. However, in recent times, the hypocrisy has acquired an official form. We are talking about the statement of the Russian Foreign Ministry, which announced that the former ruling …

Miraculously Preserved Unique Armenian Manuscripts

Miraculously Preserved

Each manuscript has its own destiny. Just like people. The fate of the most ancient Armenian manuscripts repeats the path of the Armenians themselves: exile, loss, and finding their homeland. This is how the Armenian manuscript heritage is characterized by Doctor of Historical Sciences Gevorg Ter-Vardanyan, head of the Matenadaran manuscript storage. By the will …