Tir – God of Written Language of Ancient Armenia

Tir – God of Written Language

In the Armenian pantheon, Tir was a god of writing, sciences, arts, a scribe of the chief deity Aramazd, and a diviner of fate. Tir brought dreams to people, revealing their future to them. In the temple of Tir (between the cities of Vagharshapat and Artashat), the priests interpreted these dreams. Besides, they taught sciences …

Weapons in The National Costume of Armenians

Weapons in The National Costume

As you know, in the Armenian language, the words “human”, “man” (both “mard”), and “warrior” (“martik”) have the same root. It is known that in ancient Armenia, there was a special system for organizing armies. Each man was considered and was a warrior and at any moment could be drafted for military service. Armenian men …

Vorotan River Gorge, Armenia

Vorotan River Gorge, Armenia

The deepest of the numerous gorges formed by Vorotan is located on the Tatev-Arzhis section at an altitude of 700-800 m. In this section, the gorge is so narrow that even the rays of the sun cannot penetrate and reach its bottom. In one of the deepest places of the gorge is the most picturesque …

Participants of the Shushi Liberation

Participants of the Shushi Liberation

Komandos – Arkady Ter-Tadevosyan: “The Armenian command did not approve of the operation, and we did not have any clear instructions, but we had to act. That is why a meeting of 72 commanders was held where we unanimously decided that the operation should be carried out. The commanders should have fulfilled my order, but …

Oshakan Monastery – Ashtarak, Armenia

Oshakan Monastery – Ashtarak, Armenia

Oshakan is a village 3 km southeast of the town of Ashtarak. According to a legend, Noah and his family descended from the top of Mount Masis (Ararat) and saw Oshakan freed from the water. At its sight, they exclaimed “Oshakan,” which roughly translates as “Marvel for the eyes.” Located within the estates of Arshakids …

Avetik Isahakyan in World Culture

Avetik Isahakyan in World Culture

“Thinking about Kuchak and Isahakyan, I realize that both of them captivated me. I loved Isahakyan dearly… Isahakyan is a first-class poet – perhaps, there is no such fresh and direct talent in all of Europe now.” Alexander Blok, Russian poet and translator “There is a tear in Isahakyan’s works… And this gives his poems …

God Vahagn – Legends of Ancient Armenia

God Vahagn – Legends of Ancient Armenia

In Armenian myths, Vahagn was the god of thunder and lightning. He was born in the agonized heaven and earth and the purple sea. Red reed which spewed smoke and fire was also involved in his birth. From the flame appeared Vahagn, a young man with fiery hair, a fiery beard, and eyes like two …

Agreement Between Armenia and the RSFSR From August 1920

Agreement Between Armenia and the RSFSR

On August 10, 1920, plenipotentiary B. V. Legrand on behalf of the RSFSR, on one hand, and representatives of the Republic of Armenia A. Jamalyan and A. Babalyan on the other on the basis of recognition of the independence and full sovereignty of the Republic of Armenia concluded this agreement as follows: 1. From 12 …

To Win, We Must Start in Dadivank – Leonid Azgaldyan

To Win, We Must Start in Dadivank

At the first stage of the Artaskh liberation movement, Leonid Azgaldyan was engaged in the preparation of Artsakh boys for sabotage work. The Artsakh war is a separate issue. It must probably mature, and a generation of its true chroniclers is yet to come. With these chroniclers, the role of the people who’ve prepared for …

Punitive Operation Ring

Punitive Operation Ring

In late April-early May 1991, the special forces (OMON) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan with the support of the forces of the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR launched the large-scale punitive Operation Ring, the goal of which was the expulsion of the Armenian population from the …

Goddess Nane – Legends of Ancient Armenia

Goddess Nane – Legends of Ancient Armenia

In Armenian mythology, goddess Nane or Nanea was the daughter of the supreme deity Aramazd. It is assumed that Nane in Akkadian culture is represented as goddess Nanaya. The cult of Nane seems to be intertwined with the cult of mother goddess Anahit. Nane was also revered as the Great Mother (in the Armenian language, …

Mher Mkrtchyan – Hero of the Armenian Spirit

Mher Mkrtchyan – Hero

Chess Pawns. Mher Mkrtchyan liked to animate objects. Here is what he said about chess pawns: “When I look at pawns, when I think about their fate, by golly, I am reduced to tears. For a single soldier to reach the eighth horizontal, it is necessary that almost all the others sacrifice themselves. For the …

Traces of Machining on Ancient Granite in Armenia

Traces of Machining

Traces of processing very similar to machine processing were found on fragments of granite in a basalt fortress dating to the 2nd millennium BC on the Armavirablur hill in less than an hour drive from the capital of Armenia Yerevan. The basalt blocks themselves have been clearly processed manually. In contrast, the granite fragments seem …

Tsovinar – Legends of Ancient Armenia

Tsovinar – Legends of Ancient Armenia

In Armenian myths, Tsovinar or Tsovyan (“marine”) was the spirit of thunderstorm and the personification of lightning. Tsovinar was a wrathful woman galloping on a fiery horse in the clouds during thunderstorms. She sent people life-giving rain or deleterious hail. In the Armenian epos “Sasna Tsrer” (“Daredevils of Sasun”), Tsovinar was the mother of twins …