When we think of the screw principle, the name Archimedes instantly comes to mind. Widely regarded as one of the leading scientists and mathematicians of ancient times, Archimedes is often credited with inventing the screw mechanism. However, recent findings near the city of Martakert in Artsakh have offered a fresh perspective on this historical claim.
An arrow tip discovered in this region possesses a unique feature: its stem is meticulously designed in the form of a screw. This design was not merely aesthetic but had a functional purpose—to be screwed into the arrow shaft, ensuring a secure and stable attachment.
What makes this discovery even more fascinating is its age. Preliminary studies date this arrow tip to between the 11th and 8th centuries BC. This suggests that the screw principle was in use several centuries before Archimedes was even born in the 3rd century BC.
The implications of this finding are profound. It challenges long-held beliefs and underscores the importance of continuous archaeological explorations. While Archimedes undoubtedly made significant contributions to science and technology, it’s vital to recognize that innovations have deep roots, often spanning cultures and centuries.
The Martakert arrow tip stands as a testament to the ingenuity of ancient civilizations. It serves as a reminder that innovation is a collective endeavor, shaped by countless minds across the annals of history. As we marvel at the advancements of great figures like Archimedes, let’s also pay homage to the unsung heroes of the past whose contributions paved the way for future discoveries.
Image source: Gayane Ayvazyan Հայաստան Armenia Армения