From Ancient Warehouses Of The Kingdom Of Van To Lake Parvana – Archeology Of Historical Armenia

2750 years old Ayanis Fortress

Excavations continue in the 2750-year-old Ayanis Fortress (Chavushtepe). The fortress was built by ruler of the Kingdom of Van Sarduri II in the province of Van, Historical Armenia.

During the excavations, important artifacts have been discovered. Among them, a granary that had played an important role in the period of the Kingdom of Van has been taken under protection.

After 25 years of continuous excavations, it became clear that the fortress consisted of two parts – an upper and a lower castle.

The upper part of the fortress features the temple to the god Haldi (Haghti-Halti). As for the inner fortress, it consists of a suburban fortress, warehouse buildings, and a temple to Irmushini.

The discovered warehouses have experienced the harsh effects of time – nature has severely damaged the structure.

Excavation head, Professor Cavusoglu said: “We are trying to rebuild the collapsed walls of the vault by bringing the damaged parts back together and rebuilding them in their original place.”

Excavations on the shores of Lake Parvana

In Javakhk, near Lake Parvana, an archaeological expedition is being conducted to find historical samples. Scientists are working at an altitude of 2,400 meters in the vicinity of the Shaori Mountains where traces of an ancient village have been discovered.

Archaeological works under the leadership of historian Nino Pataridze are carried out in a comprehensive manner, making the simultaneous study of several locations possible. At the current stage, work is being carried out at 3 sites.

The village of New Hulgumo near the Shaori mountains

Another important study is being carried out in the village of New Hulgumo. During agricultural work, a local has discovered architectural layers that confirm the existence of an ancient village. Fragments of medieval buildings have been preserved here, and the discovered artifacts, according to researchers, may belong to the middle class of a society of ancient times.

The expedition to Javakheti began in 2003, but active research has been underway since 2018. The study of the region was also carried out by a modern, remote method that involves decoding air maps from a satellite.


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