At the period of 23-10 millennia BC Armenians already had enough developed science, technology and culture.
The Sun, Moon, Stellar Sky and their motions attracted Homo Sapiens’s attention even from the very beginning, in the 50-40 millennia BC. Step by step their knowledge grew and accumulated. Armenian civilization arose in about 40 millennium BC.
The knowledge, accumulated during thousands of years, gave the possibility approximately in 23 millennium BC, using simple astronomical instruments, to define that one circle of Sunrise point motion along the horizon, Le. one year, consists of 365 days and to establish the first Armenian Calendar (see Item 1.17).
We can suppose that as the beginning of the year was chosen the Sunrise moment (6 o’clock) on the spring equinox day (March 21). This is the most probable variant. We can also suppose that one year was divided into 12 months and the stellar way of the Sun was divided into 12 parts (Le. constellations).
We can deem conditionally that all these events took place in 22946 BC, accounted as 14 Armenian periods (1461 year) before Kesar Hayk’s victory in 2492 BC (14 x 1461+2492=22946). Armenian astronomers, searching the Sky during thousands of years, had to descry that the Sun slowly changes its position relatively to stars (with velocity 2160 years per each Zodiacal constellation), Le. they knew the phenomenon of Earth Axis Precession in about 11 millennium BC (see Item
Armenians had a big progress in building of houses, settlements and towns, in technology of stone treatment and its using in houses and temples building. They made good instruments from stone, wood, clay and other materials. They also began to use the metals, found in meteorites, bolides and in mountain quarries.
There were the instruments of much higher quality than excavated thousands stone instruments having age of 300-50 thousand years. Armenians invented and used powerful machine cranes to elevate heavy stones and developed the technology of houses and temples building. The food and clothes production technologies were also developed.
Besides apple, grape (vine), apricot Armenians began to breed the wheat and had the technology of bread baking, using the inside surface of the big clay cylinder called “thoir” in Armennian. All these were the first in the World.
It is interesting that till now in Armenia three types (from four known in the World) of the savage wheat are growing. So Armennia is the homeland of the wheat.
Apart from sheep, hen, dog, etc., Armennians domesticated also the horse, cow, bull, goat, pig, cat, etc. All these were at first in the World, because any other nations and civilizations were absent yet.
Armenians used horses and bulls as powerful draught force in farm, agriculture and house building. There are many petrogliphs (carved pictures of IV mill. BC) in mountains of Armenia with two-axis carts and harnessed bulls (Fig. 61). Afterwards, in 111-1 mill. BC, more developed carts were in use (Fig. 81).
Beginning from 111-11 millennia BC, when wars arose, Armenian cavalry was well known everywhere as the best. Iran and other countries purchased tens of thousand horses in Armenia per year. So Armenia is the homeland of the domestic horse.
In about 23-22 millennia BC in Armenia the first written language arose (pictures, symbols, then hieroglyphs), which after 10 mill. BC was in use also (in parallel with Alphabet) for a long time, until III millennium BC, as it is on rocks in Metsamor, the big metallurgic center (3600 BC) at distance of 25 km from Yerevan, in Ararat Valley.
Armenian Preliminary Alphabet arose at 12-10 millennia BC. I have found out 19 letters of Preliminary Alphabet using the requirement: each next added letter has to form maximal possible quantity of new Armenian words (see Item 2.11). I put these letters in two lines with 10 and 9 letters in each line (Table 15), and was very surprised receiving two old sentences and finding out the similarity between the forms of letters and figures.
These two results mean that: – the finding of 19 letters of Preliminary Alphabet is correct, – the figures 1, 2, 3..• 9, 0 are Armenian figures, coming from the old Preliminary Alphabet (X millennium BC). In Carahunge time, VU-VI millennia BC, Armenian Alphabet became more developed and included about 34 letters (see PART 1 and 2).
From the very old time began to develop Armenian Poetry, Songs and Dances. Somewhere in 23 millennium BC arose the Armenian Epos (also in songs) about the God Vahagn, fighter of evil and dragons. In Item 3.3. eleven lines from that Epos about birth of Vahagn were shown.
We can suppose that somewhere in 10 millennium BC arose the beginning of the famous Armennian Epos “Sassountsi Davvith” or David of Sassoun, about the hero who protected Armenia. His sculpture in Yerevan in Fig. 82 is shown.
In the beginning of this Epos Tsovinnar (c)m.[ -11-liwl1 = The leader of sea people), the daughter of Armennian King, took two palms of water from the spring in sea, drank it and gave birth to two heroes:
Sannassar and Bagdassar. Afterwards (and until now) Armenian poetry, music, songs and reels have been very developed in Armennia, and then were adopted by many other nations.
For example, Indian old Epos “Rammayana” begins as the said Armenian legend about Tsovinnar; Scotch, Irish and Welsh folk music, songs and reels are very close to Armenian ones; the sources of European ecclesiastical and classical music are in Armenian ecclesiastical and folk music.
It is obvious that the fast development of further civilizations in the World was under influence of the Armenian old civilization, including its Astronomy, Mathematics, Technology, Agriculture, Culture, as well as Armenian old State (Kingdom) with Laws and Order, which were much more developed.
An extract from the book “Armenians and Ancient Armenia” by Paris Herouni